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Muscle & Bone

A reference and study chart for abbreviations of the muscular and skeletal systems.

Muscular System  
abd abduction
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
add adduction
ADL activities of daily living
ART active resistance training
BMD Becker muscular dystrophy
DTR deep tendon reflex
EMG electromyography
EMS electric muscle stimulator
EOM extraocular muscles
IM intramuscular
Lig, L ligament
M muscle
MAMC midarm muscle circumference
MD muscular dystrophy
MG myasthenia gravis
MH malignant hyperthermia
mm muscles
MN myoneural
MS musculoskeletal, muscle strength
musc muscular, muscle
MVIC maximum voluntary isometric contraction
NM neuromuscular
PPMA postpoliomyelitis muscular atrophy
PRE progressive resistive exercise
RICE rest, ice, compression, elevation
RSI repetitive stress injuries
Skeletal System  
AEA above-elbow amputation
AFO ankle-foot orthosis
AKA above-knee amputation
AROM active range of motion
BEA below-elbow amputation
BKA below-knee amputation
BSF basal skull fracture
C1—C7 cervical vertebrae
CDH congenital dislocation of hip
CPM continuous passive motion
DJD degenerative joint disease
FRJM full range of joint movement
FROM full range of motion
Fx fracture
HD herniated disk
IVD intervertebral disk
JRA juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
jt, jnt joint
KB knee brace
Kj knee jerk
L1—L5 lunar vertebrae
LBP low back pain
LOM limitation of motion/movement, loss of motion/movement
LS lumbosacral
OA osteoarthritis
OAWO opening abductory wedge osteotomy
OM osteomalacia, osteomyelitis
ORIF open reduction internal fixation
Ortho orthopedics
PEMF pulsing electromagnetic field
PKR partial knee replacement
PROM passive range of motion
RA rheumatoid arthritis
RF rheumatoid factor
ROM range of motion
S1—S5 sacral vertebrae
sh, shld shoulder
skel, sk skeletal
T1—T12 thoracic vertebrae
THR total hip replacement
TKA total knee arthroplasty
TKR total knee replacement
TMJ temporomandibular joint
TX, Tx traction