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Nervous & Respiratory Systems

A medical reference and study chart for the nervous and respiratory systems.

Nervous System  
Ach acetylcholine
AD Alzheimer disease, Alzheimer dementia
ADD attention deficit disorder
ADHD attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
ALD adrenoleukodystrophy
ALS amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig disease)
aanesth, anes anesthesia
ANS autonomic nervous system
BAER brainstem auditory evoked response
BBB blood-brain barrier
BD brain dead
BEAM brain electrical activity mapping
CBF cerebral blood flow
CJD Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (Mad Cow disease)
CNE chronic nervous exhaustion
CNS central nervous system
CP cerebral palsy
CSF cerebrospinal fluid
CVA cerebrovascular accident
CVD cerebrovascular disease
DAI diffuse axonal injury
DT delirium tremens
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
EEG electroencephalogram
EST electric shock therapy
EEG electroencephalogram
EST electric shock therapy
GAD generalized anxiety disorder
GAS general adaptation syndrome
HD Huntington disease
ICH intracerebral hemorrhage
ICP intracranial pressure
IQ intelligence quotient
LMN lower motor neuron
LOC level/loss of consciousness
LP lumbar puncture
MA mental age
MBD minimal brain dysfunction
MND motor neuron disease
MS multiple sclerosis
NCS nerve conduction study
NF neurofibromatosis
NGF nerve growth factor
NTD neural tube defect
OBS organic brain syndrome
OCD obsessive compulsive disorder
OMD organic mental disorder
PD Parkinson disease, psychotic depression, psychotic dementia
PNI peripheral nerve injury
PNS peripheral nervous system
PTSD post traumatic stress disorder
RIND reversible ischemic neurologic deficit
SAD seasonal affective disorder
Sz seizure
TBI traumatic brain injury
TENS transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
TGA transient global amnesia
TIA transient ischemic attack
UMN upper motor neuron
Respiratory System  
ABC airway, breathing & circulation
ABG arterial blood gases
AR artificial respiration
ARD acute respiratory disease
ARDS adult/acute respiratory distress syndrome
ARF acute respiratory failure
BAC bronchoalveolar cells
BAL bronchoalveolar lavage
BPD bronchopulmonary dysplasia
CF cystic fibrosis
CNH central neurogenic hyperventilation
CO2 carbon dioxide
COLD chronic obstructive lung disease
COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CPAP continuous positive airway pressure
CPE chronic pulmonary emphysema
CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPT chest physiotherapy
CRD chronic respiratory disease
CSR Cheyne-Stokes respiration
CXR chest x-ray
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DPT diphtheria, pertussis & tetanus
EIA exercise-induced asthma
ERV expiratory reserve volume
FEF forced expiratory flow
FEV forced expiratory volume
FRC functional residual capacity
FVC forced vital capacity
IMV intermittent mandatory ventilation
IPPB intermittent positive pressure breathing
IRDS infant respiratory distress syndrome
IRV inspiratory reserve volume
LRI lower respiratory infection
LTB laryngotracheobronchitis
MBC maximum breathing capacity
MV minute volume
MVV maximal voluntary ventilation
NSCLC non-small cell lung cancer
O2 oxygen
PaCO2 partial pressure of arterial carbon dioxide
PaO2 partial pressure of oxygen
pCO2 partial pressure of CO2
PE pulmonary embolism
PEEP positive end expiratory pressure
PFT pulmonary function test
PND paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
pO2 partial pressure of O2
PPD purified protein derivative (TB test)
PPH primary pulmonary hypertension
PTX, Pnx, Px pneumothorax
PuD, PD pulmonary disease
R, resp respiration
RD respiratory disease
RDS respiratory distress syndrome
RM respiratory movement
RQ respiratory quotient
RR respiratory rate, regular respirations
RT respiratory therapy
RV residual volume
SCLC small cell lung cancer
SIDS sudden infant death syndrome
SOB shortness of breath
T&A tonsillectomy & adenoidectomy
TB tuberculosis
TBT tracheobronchial tree
TCDB turn, cough & deep breath
TLC total lung capacity
TV tidal volume
UAO upper airway obstruction
URI upper respiratory infection
VC vital capacity
VO2 oxygen consumption
V/Q ventilation-perfusion ratio

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